1876 List of melameds of Mstislavl Uezd

In the Russian Empire of the 19th century, day schools (called cheder) were very common for Jewish boys.

Students were divided into three age groups. From ages 3-5, the youngest boys learned the Hebrew alphabet and reading skills. From ages 5-8, they were already learning Torah with Rashi commentary and beginning to learn Talmud. Those ages 8-13 were learning Talmud in depth.

Classes began early in the morning and finished around 7-8pm. Upon completion of cheder, the graduates could enter a yeshiva for further education, but not many students did that.

Cheder teachers were called melamed, and each melamed had to obtain a state teaching license to run the cheder and collect tuition from the parents. A cheder was not allowed to enroll more than 40 students per school year.

мстиславль синагога

Building of Synagogue in shtetl Mstislavl mid 19th century

Below is the list of the melameds of Mstislavl uezd who, in 1876, had obtained their teaching licenses.

The list includes melameds from the following shtetls: MSTISLAVL, KAZIMIROVA SLOBODA, KHISLAVICHI, MONASTYRSHCHINA, KLIMOVICHY, CHAUSY, CHERIKOV.

Due to limited space, we cannot include the physical description of each melamed or copies of their licenses.

Mstislavl

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10 Responses to 1876 List of melameds of Mstislavl Uezd

  1. Thanks for this information.I`m looking for localization the place were my father Nevach (Noier) Bernstein have lived and his father > Shlomo (Solomon) and mother Lea Berenstein.

    • jhrgbelarus says:

      In 19 century last name Bernshtein was very common among Belorussian jews. This last name is seen in 19 shtetls of Grodno guberniya. if you do not have any additional information or other clues it will be very difficult to establish his hometown.

  2. Hi, Yuri. In 1876, Vorotischtina agricultural community (near Mogilev) had a big school. And several TALALAI were melameds there. One in particular David Talalai, who went to Moscow very early in 1902. Any chance of getting the list of melamedim for Vorotinschtina (or for Mogilev, where our ancestor Rabbi Leib Talalai, lived?)

  3. Lisa G says:

    This is a great research site! Are similar lists of teachers available for Sopotskin in Grodno gubierna, 1870-1900? (My great-grandfather’s brother, Abram Elias Maruches, supposedly taught there.) Thank you.

  4. jhrgbelarus says:

    Hi Schelly, we saw Mogilev guberniya melameds list for 1870. I am not sure if there was a separate list for Vorotynshina. When we will have an opportunity we will take a look.
    Shana Tova!
    Yuri.

  5. Elaine Bush says:

    My Frumov and Sheinin families were from Monastirshchina and towns nearby. Very gratifying to see these surnames. The given names are not familiar.

  6. Elaine Bush says:

    Follow up to my previous comment. I read in the above article that there are further descriptions of the melameds that were not printed due to space. I’d like very much to know the further descriptions of Iosel Frumov and Khaim Sheinin. Would that be possible?

    • jhrgbelarus says:

      I just realized that you were meant the other list, not from my post in face book. Original lists of melameds contains some additional information, but we will be able to get back to that list only at the end of September. Please, remind me.

  7. Elaine Bush says:

    Follow up to my previous comment. I read in the above article that there are further descriptions of the melameds that were not printed due to space. I’d like very much to know the further descriptions of Iosel Frumov and Khaim Sheinin. Would that be possible? I realized that Iosel Frumov could possibly be my three times great grandfather known as Yovsei Frumovich. He was a podravin in Gomel in 1848.

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