Author Archives: jhrgbelarus

Shklov: Facts about Jewish religious life in Shklov from the late 1890s-early 1900s

By 1897, the Jewish population of Shklov was 5,122, or 78% of its total population. There were 11 registered synagogues and a yeshiva, a branch of the famous yeshiva in Slobodka. Former main synagogue of shtetl Shklov  Before 1906, Shklov’s chief … Continue reading

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1946 JDC List of Jewish Residents of Belarus Who Survived WWII

In early 1946, after the end of WWII, the International Red Cross Committee was sent to the Soviet Union to estimate the magnitude of destruction and how to help survivors. While touring many places around the Soviet Union, the committee … Continue reading

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The Mezhirech agricultural colony, founded in 1846 by Jews from Mogilev guberniya

In the mid-19th-century, one goal of the Russian government was to encourage Jews to work the land. The government provided land in six guberniyas (provinces) of the Russian Empire for this purpose, including Yekaterinoslavskaya guberniya (today Dnepropetrovsk and Zaporozh’ye region … Continue reading

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1901 List of major donors for Jewish cemetery in Minsk

In the first half of the 19th century, Minsk had two Jewish cemeteries. One was closed to burials in 1851. In the 1920s, it was destroyed by the Communists and the campus of the Belorussian State University was built on … Continue reading

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1853 Synagogues of Minsk uezd / Samokhvalovichi, Ostroshitsky Gorodok , Rakov, Ivenets, Kamen, Stolbtsy, Sverzhen, Koydanovo, Rubezhevichi

Earlier in May 2014 we already published a list of synagogues of Mozyr uezd with names of town, rabbi and staff. Today we are posting a similar list of synagogue of Minsk uezd.  Former building of the synagogue in shtetl … Continue reading

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Jewish booksellers in Grodno and Vilno guberniyas

In the mid-19th century, “door-to-door” sales became very popular in the Russian Empire. This type of business required only the payment of a small tax, and there were no overhead expenses (no rent for a store, for example). Booksellers were … Continue reading

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1922: List of young Jewish communist propagandists

Following the 1917 Revolution, the Communists needed Jewish propagandists for their philosophy who would travel to shtetls (Jewish villages and hamlets) and explain the events of the Revolution and what it meant for the country. They had to explain this … Continue reading

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Belorussian synagogues under communist regime

In 1917, when the Communists in the former Russian Empire took power, traditional Jewish life was forced to go underground. The main wave of synagogue closings took place from 1922-23. By 1926, in Belarus, only 37 synagogues were open. By … Continue reading

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Mass Holocaust Burial Site Discovered in Volozhyn

During ground-breaking for construction of a new apartment building in Volozhyn, a mass burial site was discovered for Jews killed during the Holocaust. About a year ago, the Volozhyn town administration granted a construction permit for construction of the new … Continue reading

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1826-1832: Jewish pilgrims to Palestine from Mogilev guberniya.

We found an interesting file with copies of identification documents of Jews from Mogilev guberniya traveling to Palestine as pilgrims, 1826-1832. These documents provide the name of the traveler and family members, as well as physical descriptions. Poor people couldn’t … Continue reading

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